ESSENCE AND BASIC PRINCIPLES OF LIBERAL DEMOCRACY
Keywords:Democracy, liberal, legitimate, elections
In the article "The Essence and Basic Principles of Liberal Democracy," liberal democracy is viewed as a modern phenomenon based on ancient Greek democracy. The basic principles of liberal democracy, on which those countries with developed democracy rely, are analyzed. Governments with such principles are often referred to as “good governance”. 1. The government should be formed and changed as a result of elections and electoral competition at regular intervals. 2. One person has one vote ”, the voter lowers his ballot in secret, no one knows for whom he voted. The vote of every citizen participating in elections is equal to all votes. Citizens must vote individually, not collectively. 3. The rights of minorities must be protected The majority plays a decisive role in the decision-making process, but the minority reserves the right to remain true to their principles and not be punished for it. 4. Pluralism or diversity in society must be allowed. 5. Freedom of speech, information, dissemination, assembly and protest should be allowed. Citizens should have the right to use and receive alternative sources of information. 6. The government is reimbursed to society and must constantly take into account their interests and views.
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